Hordeolum (stye)

A hordeolum is an annoying painful bump on the eyelid. This bump causes a lot of pain. If you have had a hordeolum before and are sensitive to it, it can occur permanently. Read more about the hordeolum below.

Hordeolum or stye

  • Hordeolum
  • Two shapes
  • Symptoms
  • Risk factors
  • Cause
  • Medicines
  • Therapy
  • Don’t drive a car



A hordeolum, also called a stye, is an inflammation of a hair follicle that can develop on the eyelid margin. This is a painful red swollen, inflamed bump that can sometimes have a yellow head. If this cup bursts open, the inflammation will disappear spontaneously. There are two types of hordeolum shapes. These are hordeolum externum and hordeolum internum. Read it below this paragraph.

Two shapes

Hordeolum Externum: is an inflamed bump that is visible from the outside because it is caused by an inflamed hair follicle.
Hordeolum Internum: is a bump inside the eyelid that is caused by an inflamed gland.


  • Red rim of the eye
  • Flaky eyelids
  • Eyelashes stuck together
  • Scabs on the eyelid


Risk factors

  • Especially children (could occur at any age)
  • Lifestyle
  • Contact lenses
  • Makeup
  • Sex
  • Heredity



The bacterium Staphylococcus is the cause of this. This bacterium causes an infection in glands located on the edge of the eyelid. The infection causes pus to form in the bump and causes a lot of pain. People with diabetes, inflammation of the eyelid or flaking of the eyelid are even more susceptible to getting a hordeolum.


Medication is not necessary because the hordeolum often breaks open on its own within a few days. The only thing the doctor could prescribe is eye drops or an eye ointment.


Often treatment is not even necessary. If this is necessary, an antibiotic ointment can be used. You do not need doctor’s help for this. What you can do yourself:

  • Apply a warm compress to the eye a few times a day (this is to mature the inflammation)
  • Preferably not to use make-up
  • If pus comes out of the bump, you can rinse it away with warm water (preferably boiled).
  • Make sure your hands are clean and touch your eyelid as little as possible

If the bump is still visible after 2 days and still hurts a lot, the doctor can cut open the abscess. This is only possible when the lump is ripe. Many people experience this as a relief. The pain usually disappears immediately.

Don’t drive a car

If you have had treatment, you are not allowed to drive! This is because a pressure bandage is placed on the eye after the treatment. You are not allowed to drive a car with one eye. After about 4 hours you can remove the bandage.

read more

  • Eye condition: cataract
  • Drooping eyelid (Ptosis)
  • Inflammation of the eyelid margins (Blepharitis)
  • Eye condition: Swelling of the eyelid (Chalazion)
  • A twitching eyelid
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