How do you recognize a childhood illness?

Teething diseases are often accompanied by spots. Not all childhood diseases are serious, some diseases are almost undetectable and then go away on their own. But how do you know which disease your child has?

Meningitis (meningitis)

This is a serious disease that is always accompanied by high fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and inability to tolerate light. If nothing is done, the child can even fall into a coma. The child often suffers from neck stiffness, the chin can then be brought to the chest with difficulty or not at all, but turning the head is possible. The child may also develop small spots all over the body, but the spots cannot be pushed away. These spots are very small blood spots under the skin. This is caused by the smallest blood vessels under the skin becoming inflamed and thus allowing blood to pass through. In the beginning the spots are one to two mm, later the spots can merge into each other and become larger. You then speak of sepsis (blood poisoning). The cause of meningitis can be caused by both viruses and bacteria. The viral infections are generally benign. Nowadays there are vaccinations for some viruses.

German measles (rubella)

This disease usually starts with swollen glands behind the ears. The pinkish red spots appear after about a day and are located on the face and behind the ears. The spots then spread over the entire body, sometimes there are so many spots that the child looks completely pink/red. Burning and painful eyes also occur. Since 1974, all children have been vaccinated for this disease and the disease has become rare.

Scarlet fever

This disease starts with fever and sore throat. The tongue often turns white at first and starts to look red and thick after a few days, this is called the raspberry tongue. On about the third day of the illness, the skin starts to look pink and red, rough spots on the chest become visible. The rash spreads over the entire body and disappears on its own after a few days. After two to three weeks, the skin, especially on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, starts to look flaky. Antibiotics are often not necessary because the disease goes away on its own.

Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)

This disease often starts with red cheeks with pink, jagged spots. The rash spreads over the entire body and can be very itchy. So many spots can appear that the entire skin starts to look pink. In some cases there is also some fever. The spots disappear automatically after about 10 days. It is common in children between the ages of 4 and 10 and goes away on its own.

The sixth disease (exanthema subitum)

This causes the glands behind the ears and in the neck to swell. There is also a sudden onset of a high fever. The fever subsides after about three to five days and then light red spots appear on the face that later spread to the torso. This rash will disappear on its own within a few days. The child is not bothered by this, it does not itch or hurt. This disease actually only occurs when the child is between six months and three years old.


Children usually first catch a cold, then the fever sets in and they first develop some red spots on the skin. Later the red spots spread and become blisters, some children only have a few spots and others are completely covered. The blisters contain fluid that contains the infectious virus. By scratching, the virus can easily spread and cause even more spots. After a few days the blisters dry up and become scabs. After about two weeks the scabs will disappear again. In general, everyone gets chickenpox and it is not serious.

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