Alcohol and drugs

Alcohol and drugs are also called psychoactive substances. They are substances that lead to changes in your psychological functions. There are stimulants, but also substances that are narcotic. The disadvantage of all these drugs is that you can become addicted to them and that they are poisonous in certain doses.

binge drinking

First of all, I would like to draw your attention to a new fad and also a major problem; binge drinking . This term is used for the many young people who drink too much these days. Recently, this has also increasingly included minors. Strong alcoholic drinks such as tequila, hiwky and vodka are usually used for this binge drinking. But this is also often done with drinks such as breezer.
The result of binge drinking is an extreme increase in the number of hospital admissions of young people with alcohol poisoning.
For more information about this, in my view, serious development, I would like to refer you to the article by my fellow informant, Comazuipen, a sad development.

Psychoactive substances

As mentioned in the introduction, psychoactive substances are chemicals that influence your psychological functions. You can make a distinction between psycholeptics, psychoanaleptics and mind-expanding drugs.

Psycholeptics

Substances that lower your consciousness and have a dampening effect on the brain. An example of this is alcohol.

Psychoanaleptics

Substances that actually have a stimulating effect on the brain, such as various types of drugs.

Consciousness-expanding drugs

Resources that increase your awareness, so that you see more than is actually there.

Addiction

If you become addicted to these psychoactive substances, this addiction often consists of physical and psychological dependence.

Physical dependence

Tolerance occurs, which means that the body adapts to repeated use of the substance. The body also needs more and more to notice the same effects. Furthermore, the body also shows withdrawal symptoms if you have not used the substance for too long.

Psychological dependence

This includes the strong desire for the substance. If you smell the substance, for example, this desire will become much greater.

Disorders due to alcohol use

Characteristics

  • Habituation,
  • When stopping: withdrawal symptoms,
  • Attention disorders,
  • disordered thinking,
  • Loss of consciousness,
  • Hallucinations,
  • Digestive tract disorders,
  • Heart and vascular disease,
  • Disorders in the nervous and muscular system,
  • Deficiency of vitamins and minerals.

 

The Wernicke syndrome

If someone is addicted to alcohol and also has a vitamin B deficiency, this syndrome occurs. Characteristics of this are: confusion, impaired motor coordination (ataxia) and concentration disorders.

Drug use disorders

Characteristics

  • Tolerance,
  • Dependence (both physical and psychological),
  • Withdrawal symptoms when quitting
  • Behavioral changes.

 

Polydrug addiction

Someone who uses multiple types of drugs at the same time and is addicted to them. Usually someone uses one type of drug to (partly) cancel out the effects of the other.

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