Alcohol dependence and comorbidity

An alcohol addiction in itself is a serious phenomenon with far-reaching consequences for social, personal and business life. Unfortunately, a large number of alcohol addicts also appear to suffer from another psychiatric diagnosis.

What is comorbidity?

Comborbidity means having two or more psychiatric diagnoses at the same time . These conditions do not necessarily have to be the same, although in practice this often appears to be the case, because the same underlying causes often lie behind the conditions.

Alcohol dependence and comorbidity

Alcohol addiction regularly exhibits a pattern of various comorbid conditions. Alcohol addiction most often occurs at the same time as other drug addiction, nicotine addiction, bipolar I disorder, social phobia, histrionic personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder.
The fact that these disorders regularly occur together can provide additional information about the underlying causes.

Bipolar I disorder

Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric condition characterized by episodes of extremely depressed mood and episodes of extremely cheerful or manic mood. In between there are periods of relatively normal, stable mood. Bipolar I disorder means that there has been at least one episode of extreme cheerfulness.

Histrionic personality disorder

The histrionic personality disorder is characterized by highly exaggerated emotional expressions and an eager search for attention . The environment usually describes the person in terms such as charming, flirtatious, over-enthusiastic and spontaneous. People have a great need for attention from those around them and become restless or angry when they feel they do not receive this. People with histrionic personality disorder are very prone to depression .

Antisocial personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by antisocial (or even antisocial) and impulsive behavior. In the past, people with this condition were also called psychopaths . Nowadays the two disorders are separated. The disorder is more common in men than in women. The environment usually describes the person in terms such as charming, persuasive and manipulative. These people often lie to their advantage, have little fear or regret and cannot empathize well with others.

Social phobia

Social phobia is a psychological condition characterized by an intense fear of being around people, especially when they expect an achievement from the person in question. People with social phobia may try to control their anxiety by using depressants such as alcohol as self-medication .


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