Mushrooms, why would you eat ‘crazy’?

Magic mushrooms have regularly been in the news negatively. Usually when someone had died after using magic mushrooms. Mushrooms are mushrooms (dried or otherwise) that are eaten by users (sometimes drunk in tea) that (can) cause hallucinations. Why can people die after eating magic mushrooms?

Source: Kisses

In 2007, the Minister of VWC also decided to make the sale of fresh magic mushrooms a punishable offence. Magic mushrooms contain the substances psilocybin and psilocin , which are on list 1 of the Opium Act. Magic mushrooms therefore fall under hard drugs and should be regarded as such. Magic mushrooms are certainly not innocent. This also applies to (other) substances in which psilocybin and psilocin have been processed, and of course also to dried mushrooms, in which the substances are even more concentrated. The effects of magic mushrooms can be very severe, and that is where the danger arises. Users of magic mushrooms can have varying experiences. Feelings are generally amplified, so if the user was already feeling a bit down, he/she runs the risk of these feelings becoming much stronger and deeper. If someone was already cheerful, the user may become happier, but the mood can also change back to fear or gloom.

Flipping or ‘bad trip’

In the worst case, the user will freak out severely, which means that they will completely lose sight of reality and this will cause a lot of anxiety. Because psilocybin and psilocin also cause hallucinations, the user can lose all sense of time and space and experience reality so differently that a dangerous situation arises. Examples of losing reality:

  • I really don’t know what is up or down anymore
  • are convinced that great danger is imminent
  • fear of death
  • unrealistic and dangerous imaginations such as (for example) believing that you can fly

People who freak out are often (extremely) anxious, see things that are not there but are convinced that those things are there, they can become aggressive out of fear and confusion, or they have so much anxiety that it is impossible to calm them down and are at high risk due to total panic. They may run away, hide, or even jump out the window in panic. Professional help is very important when flipping.

Negative effects experienced when using magic mushrooms

  • Becoming confused, reacting irritated and agitated, restless and agitated
  • Anxiety attacks
  • Creepy hallucinations that are indistinguishable from real
  • Paranoid thoughts and paranoid behavior
  • Depression and sadness
  • Fear and belief that the ‘bad trip’ will continue forever
  • No longer being able to tell reality and fantasy/hallucinations apart
  • No longer knowing who you are, your memory seems erased
  • What you experience, you experience as really as real things, so you can hardly comprehend that what you experience or see is not real
  • Chilly and cold, chills, nausea, thirst, stomach pain, the feeling of no longer being able to stand on your feet

The environment in which a user finds himself can also have a negative effect, or the person in question was already not feeling very happy and these feelings suddenly come up in full force due to the magic mushrooms and get out of hand.


Mushrooms do not taste pleasant and many people get nauseous from them. Adults will have a trip effect after 4 to 12 milligrams of active substance. Once the trip effect has been started, it cannot be stopped. The material must first have time to develop. However, from 8 milligrams of active substance the trip effect can become intense. The trip lasts 3 to 8 hours, of which the first few hours are the most intense.

Dosage of mushrooms difficult

It is not easy to see how much active substance a mushroom contains, which is why it is difficult to dose correctly, if one can even speak of a good dosage in the case of magic mushrooms. It is therefore easy to use too much. It is quite common for magic mushrooms to have a negative effect. People experiencing a bad trip should not be left alone. If people are left alone with a bad trip, there is a good chance that things will go completely wrong. People are looking for help.


Care providers will monitor the person and try to reassure him/her by (always) explaining to him/her that the drug is the cause of the things he/she experiences and that this will pass. A quiet place with few stimuli is sought. They try to shift the attention to something pleasant. If the negative trip persists and the user does not calm down or if a risky situation arises, a doctor can administer drugs that stop or reduce the bad trip. This depends on the substance that caused the (bad) trip. With too high a dose and a bad trip, a user can completely lose control of themselves because he/she simply loses sight of reality. for example, one no longer knows who he/she is, and he/she can experience everything as if he/she is in a world that is not real. During a bad trip, people become convinced that this is reality and that this ‘reality’ will never go away. It is understandable that this causes a lot of fear. People who have previously experienced psychoses are extra sensitive to the negative effects of magic mushrooms. Some users say that sweets (grape sugar) or vitamin C can help slow down a trip. The question of whether this can be scientifically substantiated remains unanswered.


  • In March 2007, a French girl jumped from a bridge in Amsterdam after eating magic mushrooms. She was convinced she could fly. She did not survive her jump.
  • In July 2007, an Icelander was seriously injured after jumping out of the window of his hotel room after eating magic mushrooms. He thought he was being chased and his fear was so great that he tried to escape from the window by jumping out.
  • In June 2007, a man smashed the windows of his room, injuring people on the street. He also went crazy after eating magic mushrooms. The incident resulted in no deaths.
  • In August 2008, an eighteen-year-old boy in The Hague jumped out of the window after eating magic mushrooms. He died a short time later

These are just a few examples that have led to the banning of magic mushrooms.


In the long term, flashbacks of a trip can sometimes occur.

Magic mushrooms banned in the Netherlands

As of November 2008, it is prohibited to sell or trade magic mushrooms in the Netherlands. Magic mushrooms are on list 2 of the Opium Act

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