Eczema: an annoying skin condition

Eczema is one of the most common skin conditions that even affects babies and children. What is eczema?, what are the symptoms? and how do you get rid of it? The answers to this are important to protect yourself and your children against that terrible skin condition: Eczema.

What is Eczema?

Eczema is a complicated skin condition and can be caused by a number of different things. Different names are used to distinguish the different forms of eczema. Anyone can get eczema, regardless of origin and age.
All types of eczema affect the top layer of the skin (epidermis), but otherwise it is divided into two categories:
“Endogenous eczema”, which has no clear cause of onset.
“eczema dermatitis”, which is caused by something external, such as an allergy that irritates the skin.

Symptoms of eczema

The main symptom of eczema is the appearance of red, mottled patches of skin, which can be very itchy, mainly in folds of the skin where there is constant friction. In some cases, blisters may even form, or the affected areas may become chapped or discolored. Eczema can manifest anywhere and remain active for an indefinite period of time.

Tips to limit the damage

If you have eczema, you should try to keep your fingernails as short as possible to minimize damage if you scratch yourself.
If your children suffer from eczema, it is advisable to put soft gloves on them so that if they scratch the affected area because it is so itchy, they do not make it worse or scratch the skin .
The worst consequence of scratching the skin is that the top layer of the skin can come loose and the result is that the skin is open and there is a risk of infection. Already damaged skin gives bacteria free access to enter the body which can result in an infection of the skin.

Treatments

Some treatments are very effective for some people while completely ineffective for others. Fortunately, eczema is not contagious. There is a separate treatment method for each eczema variant.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as Naproxen and ibuprofen , but also corticosteroids (with steroids), are often prescribed to combat swelling caused by eczema.
Benzocaine and antihistamines are also often prescribed when treating eczema , which are applied locally.
Zinc- based lotion works very well to soothe and cool painful areas . This also keeps the area dry and gives it protection. You can also cool the skin by placing moist bandages on the skin and using cotton clothing and sheets; this allows the skin to breathe freely.
UV light can also help reduce eczema.

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