Contamination with the Chlamydia infection

Every year, 60,000 people are infected with a Chlamydia infection. This makes this STD the first most common STD in the Netherlands. In this article you can read everything about the infection, the symptoms (which are different in men than in women) and the consequences of this venereal disease. The treatment is quick and easy, but out of shame people often wait too long before visiting a doctor. Waiting too long can have major consequences!

What is chlamydia?

The most common STD is chlamydia. Every year, 60,000 people in the Netherlands are infected with this venereal disease. Chlamydia is very contagious and is caused by a bacterium that settles in the mucous membranes of the genitals. This can possibly lead to inflammation of the urethra, cervix or anus. With an infection in the anus there are usually no complaints, only sometimes some bloody discharge, itching, irritation or pain during defecation.

Symptoms in women

Women often notice little or nothing of chlamydia. They have no complaints, or only vague complaints, which means that chlamydia can sometimes be present unnoticed for years. In the meantime, the disease can of course be passed on to possible partners. Symptoms that may indicate the presence of chlamydia are:

  • More or different discharge than normal
  • Pain when urinating
  • Abnormal bleeding, between menstrual periods or after sex
  • Pain during sex
  • Pain in the lower abdomen

 

Symptoms in men

Men often experience discharge from the urethra one to several weeks after infection. This usually manifests itself in watery discharge after getting up. It doesn’t have to be much, but it can be painful. About 25 percent of chlamydia-infected men have no complaints at all and will therefore not notice the disease. However, in this case too, it can pass the disease on to sexual partners.

Possible consequences for women

Chlamydia can ascend to the fallopian tubes, which can then become infected. This can cause this inflammation to spread to the abdominal cavity. This is called PID (Pelvic Inflammatory disease). Fallopian tube inflammation may be accompanied by fever. You feel ill and mainly suffer from lower abdominal pain. Proper and rapid treatment can completely heal the inflammation. This requires antibiotics and bed rest. If the inflammation is not treated (in time), it can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes. This can cause the fallopian tubes to become blocked, which can lead to infertility or an ectopic pregnancy. A pregnant woman can transmit chlamydia to the baby during childbirth, causing the baby to develop an eye infection or pneumonia. Good treatment during pregnancy prevents the baby from running unnecessary risks.

Possible consequences for men

The chlamydia can ascend to the prostate and epididymis via the vas deferens. This can cause epididymitis. This causes pain in the scrotum and can radiate to the groin. You may feel swelling in the scrotum. In some cases, inflammation of the epididymis can lead to inflammation of the ball itself. This also causes swelling and pain. An inflammation of the prostate may be accompanied by fever.

Therapy

Chlamydia can be easily and quickly cured with a course of antibiotics.

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