Diabetes – Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus. A common disease in the Netherlands. Not only older people are affected by it, but diabetes is also becoming increasingly common among the younger generation.

What is diabetes?

With diabetes (also called diabetes), your blood sugar is no longer in balance. Your body can no longer ensure that your blood sugar is in balance. People with diabetes no longer produce insulin themselves, or the body no longer responds to insulin. If the insulin no longer does its job, the blood sugar will rise much too high. Over a longer period of time, this can be harmful to various parts of the body.

What is blood sugar?

Blood sugar, which is officially called blood glucose, gives your body energy, which makes all the muscles and organs in your body work. Glucose is found in the carbohydrates in your diet. Your body makes glucose from these carbohydrates. The glucose enters your body as blood sugar. Your whole body can use this. Your body does this by releasing insulin that can process the amount of glucose in your blood. This way the blood sugar level remains balanced. The insulin that is made comes from the pancreas.

Different types of diabetes

There are different types of diabetes. These different types must and can also be treated in different ways.

Diabetes type 1

Juvenile diabetes occurs in 1 in 10 people with diabetes. These people no longer produce insulin themselves.

Type 2 diabetes

Adult-onset diabetes. 9 out of 10 people with diabetes have this form. In this form, the body cannot keep blood sugar levels in balance.

Gestational diabetes

This form is usually temporary during pregnancy. 1 in 20 women experience this. It occurs after the 24th week of pregnancy.

MODY

A form of type 2 diabetes that resembles type 1. MODY is an abbreviation of the English Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young. This starts at a younger age and occurs because the formation of the pancreas during pregnancy did not go well.

LADA

Actually a type 1 diabetes masquerading as a type 2. The word LADA is an abbreviation of the English Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults.

Neonatal diabetes

This occurs in babies younger than 6 months. This is a special genetic form. A duct in the pancreas does not work properly.

Diabetes insipidus

This form is not about blood sugar, but about fluid. It has nothing to do with diabetes.

Preventing diabetes.

It is difficult to say that you can prevent diabetes by following advice. However, you can do some things by adjusting certain habits to reduce the chance.

  • Keep moving
  • Normal weight
  • Good and sensible nutrition
  • Quit smoking

 

The treatment

Unfortunately, diabetes cannot yet be cured. Can be treated. The treatments differ for the above forms.
The treatment may include:

  • Diet
  • To move
  • Tablets
  • Inject insulin
  • Insulin pump
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