Edema during pregnancy

Every pregnant woman suffers from one or another ailment at some point. One of those ailments may be edema. In itself harmless, as long as there is no elevated blood pressure involved. What is edema and are there any tips for prevention? An overview.

What is edema?

Edema is the retention of fluid in the body. A woman can suffer from it, especially during the last months of pregnancy and during warm weather. Edema is not related to increased blood pressure ( hypertension ). If this is the case, this may indicate a toxicosis (poisoning), also called (pr)eclampsia or pre-eclampsia.

In which most obvious places does edema occur?

  • hands
  • fingers
  • lower legs
  • feet
  • ankles


Is edema dangerous or does it pose health risks to my baby or myself?

As long as there is no increased blood pressure, there is no reason to panic. There are no health risks for your baby or yourself.


  • drink a lot of water. The body is then better able to remove fluid.
  • Take a moment every day (e.g. half an hour) where you position your feet higher than the rest of your body. You can also make your mattress a little higher at the foot end.
  • alternating baths with cold and warm water (promotes blood circulation)
  • Remove the rings and such from your fingers in time! If you start to retain fluid and it is too late, the rings may need to be cut. Even with rings that you leave on but which pinch, there may no longer be any blood flow to your fingers.


Is medical assistance needed?

If fluid retention increases very suddenly or you suffer from one of the ailments below, it is best to make an appointment with the midwife or gynecologist as soon as possible. They will then examine you further and check whether there is an increase in blood pressure. Even if you are not really sure, additional research never hurts.

  • headache
  • pain when looking or looking into the light
  • nauseous, vomiting
  • reduce visibility
  • stomach ache


Are there certain things I should not do if I suffer from edema?

Under no circumstances should you take diuretics, even if they are homeopathic. Too sudden a decrease in fluid can cause problems with the placenta.

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