How do you treat hemorrhoids?

How do hemorrhoids occur? They can cause terribly irritating itching, but can also become very painful if you do not treat them in time. But how do you deal with hemorrhoids? How should you treat hemorrhoids? And even more importantly, how do you prevent hemorrhoids in the future?

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids consist of tissue with blood vessels, so-called erectile tissues. Everyone has hemorrhoids, they are part of the anatomy of your anal canal. These erectile tissues can come under high pressure if, for example, you often have to press hard. The pressure in the blood vessels increases and they can expand. You talk about hemorrhoids when your swellings are so irritated that you suffer from them continuously. If you do not treat the hemorrhoids, they can become larger and extend outside the anus. As many as one in two people suffer from hemorrhoids. It usually starts with an itchy feeling, which will then go from bad to worse. Even though 50% of people suffer from this, people often don’t talk about it out of shame. There are various types of hemorrhoids, namely:

  • Internal hemorrhoids : These hemorrhoids are barely visible and are generally not painful, but they may bleed. These hemorrhoids are located above the sphincter and can bleed during heavy bowel movements and straining.
  • External hemorrhoids : These hemorrhoids are located near the sphincter and can come out of the anus during straining. During pushing, a lot of itching and pain occurs around the anus.
  • Bulging hemorrhoids : If an internal hemorrhoid has prolapsed due to the sphincter muscle, it is called bulging hemorrhoids. These hemorrhoids can come out with the stool and then later retract back in. Sometimes a certain type of mucus also comes out.
  • Thrombosed hemorrhoids : The shape of hemorrhoids can be very painful. This is because the hemorrhoids become pinched and this can cause bleeding to clot. Such a clot is also called ‘thrombus’.


How do hemorrhoids occur?

If the pressure on your anal blood vessels becomes too high, swelling occurs that can lead to hemorrhoids in both men and women. About 50% of people suffer from hemorrhoids. Of all the factors that cause hemorrhoids, bowel movements are the most determining factor. If you get hard stools from eating, you will have to strain more, which will put pressure on the blood vessels. If this happens often enough, it can have serious consequences. The risk of hemorrhoids increases if you:

  • You are older than 25 years
  • If it is hereditary
  • Are pregnant
  • Are overweight
  • Straining hard during bowel movements
  • Suffer from constipation


The symptoms of hemorrhoids

There are always symptoms with hemorrhoids. From itching to severe pain. Symptoms of hemorrhoids are classified into categories. A kind of gradation, namely:
Grade 1 : In this form of hemorrhoids, the hemorrhoidal tissue is slightly enlarged. It is still internal and cannot be seen from the outside. You suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Itch
  • Burning
  • Possibly also blood loss during bowel movements

Grade 2 : At this stage, the hemorrhoids are no longer completely internal and will slowly emerge. They are clearly enlarged and are located in the area around the anus. You suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Itch
  • Burning
  • It is extra sensitive to even painful
  • Hemorrhoids can come out with the stool and go back on their own

Grade 3 : The hemorrhoids have now grown considerably and will sink outside the anus. You can’t push them back without help. This is also very painful. You suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Itch
  • Severe pain
  • The hemorrhoids are palpable and can become very uncomfortable

Grade 4 : The hemorrhoids have now grown even further and are now so large that they can no longer be pushed back into the anus. You suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Itch
  • Very severe pain
  • Sitting is hardly possible and it also hurts terribly


Preventing hemorrhoids

It is important to know what the causes of hemorrhoids are, but if you can prevent it, it is of course much more pleasant. There are a number of things that are very important to prevent you from getting hemorrhoids. For example, you can think of a good balanced diet, anal hygiene and sufficient exercise. The following points are important to prevent hemorrhoids:

  • Drink enough water, this reduces the chance of constipation
  • Avoid whiter sugar products as much as possible, as this can lead to constipation
  • Eating enough fiber in your meals
  • Sufficient exercise
  • Don’t sit still for too long
  • You can exercise the sphincter by contracting and relaxing, this will make the muscles and tissue stronger
  • Try not to strain too hard during a bowel movement
  • Don’t put off going to the toilet, if you have to, you have to
  • Be careful when wiping your buttocks, as this can cause unnecessary damage to tissue
  • If you suffer from hemorrhoids, it is better to clean with warm water instead of toilet paper


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