Dementia, what is it and how do you deal with it?

Dementia literally means forgetfulness. But dementia means more than just memory loss. Most people with dementia also have problems with language use (aphasia) and recognizing people and objects (agnosia). They sometimes no longer recognize their own family members. Dementia often deteriorates slowly and can no longer be cured. There are medications that can somewhat limit the progression of dementia.

Forms of dementia

Alzheimer ‘s disease . Sixty to seventy percent of people with dementia have Alzheimer’s. This disease is a condition in which the cells in certain parts of the brain no longer function. The disease usually starts around the age of 70. But some people can also get it much earlier. People who have Alzheimer’s often see a slow decline. Often there are only thinking and memory disorders, but over time the symptoms become increasingly worse.
If Alzheimer’s disease occurs in multiple family members, it is called a familial form. But that does not necessarily mean that it is hereditary. But you are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease.
The second common form of dementia is vascular dementia . This form occurs in approximately twenty percent of cases. Vascular dementia is caused by blockage of the blood vessels in the brain. The brain does not receive enough oxygen, causing it to become damaged. The onset of this dementia is acute, it progresses very differently from Alzheimer’s disease. This does not have a creeping, slow beginning.
A major characteristic of this disease is that functions are lost. Many people with these diseases have more frequent infarctions, and the infarction worsens your condition. People with this form of dementia often have a history of hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
And then we also have Parkinson’s dementia . People with Parkinson’s dementia are very slow in thinking and acting. They often have difficulty recalling information that they have previously been told or overheard, and often also have mood disorders. Walking can also become a lot more difficult. Sometimes you have days when walking goes well, then you have days when walking goes very badly. Motor skills continue to change due to this disease.

Dementia medications

In the Netherlands you can get resources for dementia.

First of all: The medications do NOT cure brain damage, but they can limit the consequences!

They can ensure that the disease progresses less quickly, and the medicine can ensure that you function better in the areas of thinking, language and action. Early diagnosis is very important, the sooner this is done, the better the medicines can slow the disease.

The care

If the disease process worsens, care becomes more difficult. There are several ways to get help caring for someone with dementia.
There are volunteers who can also provide care for a number of hours during the day. For example, they take them for a walk, or they play a game. A good game for people with early dementia are memory games. There is also paid help. For example, the person with dementia can go to day care, or you can request home care.
As the disease process continues to progress, the person with dementia will also need help with daily care. Otherwise, problems will arise with washing/showering, the person with dementia will no longer know the correct order and will no longer know what to do. That is why help with care is certainly necessary.
For many people with dementia, the desire to drink and eat disappears , they do not notice when they are actually hungry or thirsty. It’s best to offer this to them, because they really wouldn’t take it on their own.

© 2023 ApaFungsi.Com