Conditions and problems in and around the eyes

Eyes are one of our most important senses with which we can perceive everything. That is why these are so important and eye problems must be treated as well and as quickly as possible. Everyone’s eyesight changes with age and the risk of eye diseases also increases.

Black eye treatment

A black eye is caused by bleeding under the skin around the eye. This can occur when the eye area has suffered a severe blow or in more serious cases, for example, a skull fracture. To treat a black eye, gently press something cold such as an ice pack, cold cloth, or a bag of frozen vegetables against the eye to reduce swelling. Do this for ten minutes and then let it rest for another 10 minutes, continue to do this until the swelling has stopped.

Watery eyes treatment

Watery eyes are usually a reaction to dryness, ingrown eyelashes or other causes of irritation. They can also be caused by conjunctivitis. If your eyes are watery, it is important that you do not start rubbing them, as this will only make it worse. Cover the eyes with a warm compress for ten minutes several times a day. If the eyes keep watering, there is a problem with the tear ducts themselves and there may be a blockage in the tear duct. If this is the case, it is advisable to contact your local GP or eye specialist.

Dry eyes treatment

Dry eyes affect both eyes simultaneously. They will feel dry and irritated and will look very red. The use of some medications can worsen this condition, so always read the package leaflet before taking anything yourself. To cure this condition, using eye drops is the best way to relieve the dryness and pain. Also ensure that during this healing period the eyes are not further irritated in any way by wind, water or dust.

Inflammation of the eye (conjunctivitis)

Eye conjunctivitis or in medical terms conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the eye conjunctiva due to an infection or an allergic reaction. The outer layer of the eye will be affected and look bright red. Other symptoms of this condition include itching, watery eyes and sensitivity to light. Conjunctivitis can occur both bacterially and virally and is highly contagious. A viral eye infection usually disappears on its own, while for a bacterial infection you will have to use an ointment or eye drops prescribed by your doctor to make the infection disappear.

Hypersensitivity of the eyes to light

Oversensitivity of the eyes is usually caused by incident light, which can cause the eyes to spontaneously water or even hurt. An ophthalmologist can test your vision at different light intensities. It can be a precursor to cataracts, but is also often a cause of fatigue, incorrect glasses or contact lenses or a reaction to an allergy.

Eyelid inflammation

An inflamed eyelid is characterized by redness and irritation of the edge of the eyelid, the medical term for this is more commonly known as blepharitis. Some symptoms of this are red swollen eyelid, watery eyes, loss of eyelashes, itching and other irritations. This inflammation is caused by bacteria and is best treated with a bactericidal ointment or drops.

Styes in the eye (hordeolum)

A stye is a red, painful bump on the edge of an eyelid and is usually caused by a bacterial infection. A swelling forms on the eyelid containing pus and usually breaks open around a week. You should never allow a stye to break open on its own by squeezing it. To break it open sooner, use a washcloth or compress with warm water and soak the bump several times a day. Once it has broken open, wash the eye thoroughly to prevent further infections.

Red eyes

There are many possible causes of red eyes or eye. Some cases will be more serious than others.
Go to the hospital immediately if you have red eyes if:

  • Your eye is red after a penetrating injury
  • it is accompanied by headache and blurred vision
  • it is accompanied by nausea and vomiting
  • You feel enormous pressure on the eyes
  • You have had a product of chemical composition in your eyes
  • Starts to see flashes of light in the eyes
  • Sudden vision loss begins


Tired eyes with bags and dark circles

Eye strain is the cause of bags under the eyes and dark circles. This can be due to stress, too little sleep, old age, or the wrong glasses. Make-up can hide these bags under your eyes, but simply adopting a healthier lifestyle through adequate sleep, regular healthy eating and drinking plenty of water will also reduce eye strain. Another natural way to combat bags under the eyes is to regularly apply cool green tea bags to the eyes to reduce the fluid retention that causes them.

Burning and itchy eyes

Burning and itchy eyes have many possible causes. One of the most common is exposure to environmental pollutants such as tobacco smoke, smog, or dust. Or household items, such as bleach, soap or shampoo. Chlorine in swimming pools and extremely cold or warm dry air can also cause burning eyes. When there are pollen in the air, people who suffer from hay fever can also experience a lot of problems with their eyes. Ointments and eye drops are best suited for this.

Broken veins in the eyes

A burst vein in the eye is usually caused by inflammation, which will cause the blood vessels to activate to heal, causing your eye to turn completely or partially red. They may look terrible but will disappear on their own after a while. If there is severe pain, it is best to have it examined by a specialized doctor. Red eyes and pain may indicate acute glaucoma, which if left untreated can lead to blindness.

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