Schizophrenia, bordeline, ADHD, bipolar disorder

A large number of fellow human beings suffer from psychological complaints. For those who are not directly affected by it, it is not always clear what the difference is between the various conditions. For better understanding, a brief overview of common mental disorders. And if professional help is not available, while a listening ear is needed, you can call the telephone helpline De Luisterlijn anonymously at any time. Both by the patient himself and any housemate or informal caregiver.

He looks perfectly healthy, doesn’t he?

If you have broken a leg or arm, or are in bed with a fever, it is clear to everyone that something is wrong with you and your complaints will be taken into account. When it comes to invisible complaints such as mental illnesses, understanding of the environment is often less, usually due to ignorance. However, depression, borderline, ADHD, etc. are such common conditions that everyone should delve deeper into them. Hence a brief overview of the various mental disorders.


Schizophrenia is generally considered a mental illness. Someone suffers from schizophrenia when they have experienced more than one period of confusion (psychosis). Sometimes someone loses all contact with reality. The periods of delusions and behavioral changes often alternate with normal periods. The disease usually manifests itself during adolescence. It is a chronic condition, which means that one must learn to live with the complaint. People often benefit from a quiet environment because of their vulnerability to stimuli.
Possible characteristics include changes in behavior, exaggerated reactions, less energy, self-neglect, irritability, vulnerability, distrust, gloomy, anxious and difficulty with contacts. Concentration problems, changes in interest, problems with perception and thinking. Patients may appear disinterested, which may be related to self-protection, but also to the use of medication.


Depression is now considered a mental illness. Depression only occurs if the feeling of sadness and gloom lasts longer than a few weeks. Treatment is possible through conversations, often in combination with medication.
A feeling of listlessness and lack of energy, not feeling like doing anything and sadness are often the hallmarks. As well as sleep problems, concentration problems, pain, low self-esteem, fatigue. Previous interests seem to have disappeared. Irritability, withdrawal, suicidal thoughts are also possible features.
Well-intentioned responses from others such as: “Go for a nice walk in the sun and you’ll feel better” completely miss the point and hit hard. Because the patient rightly feels misunderstood. You can compare such comments with advising a blind person to watch a nice movie.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder (manic-depressive disorder) is a mood disorder, an alternation of manic (exuberant, chaotically busy, optimistic) and depressive moods. It is a chronic condition, although there can also be prolonged periods of mood stability. Medication can soften the sharp edges of the extremes.
Possible characteristics : Some people mainly suffer from manic moods, while others suffer from gloomy moods. In a manic mood, a person can cause harm by uninhibitedly engaging in various activities that go awry and by spending a lot of money. Physical exhaustion can be the result. In a gloomy period one feels depressed and lethargic.


In short, this means that one has a difficult character. Both for the outside world and for themselves. There is often a distorted view of reality and a negative self-image. There are fewer defense mechanisms to help you get through difficult situations. The disorder usually begins in adolescence.
Possible characteristics include suicidal thoughts, difficulty being alone, difficulty making and letting go of contacts, black-and-white thinking, mood swings, distrustful, negative, impulsive, anxious.


ADHD is an attention regulation disorder. This means that it is difficult for sufferers of this disorder to properly organize and plan their attention. The brain cannot sufficiently select external impressions. They can therefore make a chaotic impression on others.
Possible characteristics are: concentration problems, easily distracted . Impulsive in action. Busy and mobile. Seeing, hearing and feeling everything at the same time, without being able to distinguish main from secondary issues.

Call the Listening Line

If necessary, call the telephone helpline “The Listening Line”. This can be done anonymously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Just venting when you’re having a hard time can often do wonders. Tel: 088 0767 000. Moreover, such a conversation with an understanding listener who is neutral and objective can organize thoughts and break the worry.

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