Pregnancy symptoms: when to take a pregnancy test?

When you have pregnancy symptoms and a pregnant feeling, at some point you would like to know whether or not you are pregnant. There are various pregnancy tests with which you can investigate whether physical complaints are early pregnancy symptoms or have another cause. But when can you take such a pregnancy test?

Early pregnancy symptoms

Even before you can confirm that you are pregnant with a pregnancy test, there are often a number of pregnancy symptoms. These early pregnancy symptoms give some women a ‘ pregnant feeling ‘ even in the very early stages of pregnancy. This is due to the hormones that are produced by the body quite soon after fertilization. In addition to the absence of menstruation, there are a number of classic pregnancy symptoms:

  • Needing to urinate more often
  • Fatigue
  • Pregnancy sickness
  • Changes in the sense of smell and taste
  • Changes in the breasts

Although these symptoms may be indicative of an early pregnancy, at some point you want certainty. If you suspect that you are pregnant, you can investigate this suspicion with a pregnancy test . But which pregnancy tests are there, and when can you perform them?

Types of pregnancy tests: when can you take which pregnancy test?

Pregnancy tests come in all shapes and sizes. Some you can perform independently at home, others require a visit to the doctor.

Urine test

Urine pregnancy tests / Source: Brother-in-law, Wikimedia Commons (Public domain)

The urine pregnancy test is possibly the best known among the pregnancy tests that you can perform at home. The urine test measures the amount of the pregnancy hormone HCG in your urine. The urine test costs a few euros and can be purchased at drugstores and pharmacies.
When can you take the urine pregnancy test?
The pregnancy hormone HCG is produced by the so-called blastula and can be detected in the urine approximately two weeks after fertilization. In practice, however, it is recommended to only take this pregnancy test one to four days after the missed period, because in some women HCG production starts a little later. If you test negative during this period, but still strongly suspect that you are pregnant, it is best to perform the test again a few days later.

Blood test

The blood pregnancy test is carried out by your GP or gynaecologist. The presence of the pregnancy hormone HCG is also examined here. In addition, certain blood values are examined (including whether there is anemia), possible diseases and the blood group and rhesus factor.
When can you take the blood pregnancy test?
HCG can generally be detected in the blood somewhat earlier than in the urine. A blood test can therefore usually provide a definitive answer about pregnancy after two weeks.

Internal examination

During an internal examination, the color of the vagina and cervix is examined, among other things. These get a purplish color due to increased blood supply. The uterus will also be somewhat enlarged.
When can you have the internal examination?
Nowadays, internal examination is hardly used as a pregnancy test. With an internal examination you can determine a pregnancy approximately four weeks after fertilization.

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