4 Factors Causing Aggression

Aggression is – In a pattern of social life, there is friction between people which can then cause various problems, one of which is aggression.

In simple terms, aggression is detrimental behavior in a social interaction. On the other hand, aggression is behavior which is then related to social and psychological aspects. In the field of behavioral psychology, aggression is part of behavior that causes damage.

Aggression can then harm an individual or group. Another meaning is that it is an action that is often associated with aggressive nature. This can happen to anyone and by anyone.

Aggression itself is behavior that refers to violence, behavior and other emotions. In verbal or physical actions, this is an action that humans are then involved in when they try to hurt or harm other people. Aggression itself is a phenomenon that can occur in various forms, ranging from relatively small actions to more serious actions.

Aggression is a hostile action towards another party

Apart from the definition outlined above, there are several other meanings of this term. As quoted from the KBBI Big Indonesian Dictionary, aggression is a feeling of anger or harsh action resulting from failure or disappointment in achieving a goal which can then be directed at objects or people.

In anthropology, aggression is a hostile act that is a physical or psychological attack on a party. KBBI then defines aggression as a form of attack on another country. Not only that, the existence of aggression as a social interaction also aims to cause damage and other losses to other individuals.

In general, this term is overt and covert and is often dangerous. By classification, aggression is divided into two types, namely direct and indirect. Directly then it is also characterized by physical behavior or verbal behavior which is then intended to hurt someone.

While indirect is characterized by physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone. By classification, aggression is then divided into two types, including direct and indirect.

Directly characterized by physical or verbal behavior intended to harm someone. While indirect is characterized by physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt someone.

Definition aggression

The following are several definitions of aggression that are also provided by experts.

1. Berkowitz

According to Berkowitz, it always refers to some type of behavior, whether physical behavior or symbolic behavior carried out with the aim of causing harm.

2. Freud

According to Freud, it is the first way known to humans to express their anger, which is then expressed through physical attacks on objects, living or inanimate objects that will arouse emotions.

3. Robert A Baron

According to Robert A Baron, it is individual behavior that is intended to harm other individuals who do not want that behavior.

4. Buss and Perry

Buss and Perry define it as behavior with the aim of hurting another person either psychologically or physically.

5. Atkinson

Atkinson explains it as behavior that can intentionally or unintentionally hurt other people, either physically or verbally, or by destroying property.

6. Cartono

According to Kartono, it is an explosion of emotions and intense anger, these actions will then give rise to hostility directed at someone or an object.

7. Myers

Myers defines it as an intentional verbal or physical behavior with the aim of hurting, harming or destroying another person and then injuring the object that is the target of aggression.

8. Murray

According to Murray, it is a need to attack, rape or injure another person with the aim of belittling, harming, endangering, disturbing, damaging, insulting, ridiculing, ridiculing and accusing another person in a healthy manner, as well as severely punishing or carrying out various other sadistic acts.

Factors Causing Aggression

Aggression is a violent behavior caused by feelings of anger that results in physical or psychological damage. This can then have a negative impact on mental, economic, social conditions and even trigger chronic diseases.

There are various causes in a social environment according to Byod McCandless and Davidoff.

1. Anger Factor

Anger is usually an emotion characterized by high activity of the parasympathetic nervous system as well as strong feelings of dislike and is generally caused by real mistakes, or facts that are either false or not.

2. Environmental Factors

Environmental factors themselves can cause aggression. This environmental factor itself is directly related to poverty, anonymity, and hotter air temperatures.

3. Social Learning Factors

By witnessing fights and killings, even if it is a little stimulating, it then allows someone to imitate various models of violence.

4. Biological Factors

Biological factors are factors related to genes, blood chemistry factors, and brain system factors. Genes seem to influence the formation of a brain neural system which then regulates aggressive behavior.

The brain system involved in aggression itself can actually strengthen or control aggression. Meanwhile chemical factors in the blood can also influence this.

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